Carlo Cottarelli is Director of the Italian Public Finance Monitor of the Universita’ Cattolica del Sacro Cuore di Milano. He was the Executive Director at the IMF Board, representing Italy, Albania, Greece, Malta, Portugal and San Marino, between November 2014 and November 2017. Prior to this he was Commissioner for Public Spending Reform from October 2013 to October 2014 and headed the IMF Fiscal Affairs Department from October 2008 to October 2013. Cottarelli was the Visiting Professor at Bocconi University in the second semester of Academic Year 2017-18. He joined the research department of the Bank of Italy where he worked from 1981 to 1987 and worked in the monetary and financial sector division. After working as head of the economic research department of ENI, in 1988 Cottarelli joined the IMF. There he was Deputy Director both in the European Department and the Strategy, Policy and Review Department, and Director of the Fiscal Affairs Department between November 2008 and October 2013. While at the IMF, Cottarelli worked on several advanced, emerging market, and lowincome countries in the context of surveillance, IMF-supported programs, and technical assistance. This covered Albania, Croatia, Hungary, Lebanon, Russia, Serbia, Tajikistan, Turkey, Italy and the United Kingdom. As Director of the Fiscal Affairs Department, he was responsible for the development of the Fiscal Monitor; one of the three IMF flagship publications. Cottarelli has written several papers on fiscal and monetary policies and institutions and edited books on fiscal policy, inflation, monetary policy, and exchange rates. Cottarelli has degrees in economics from the University of Siena and the London School of Economics.